Whenever I hear about a car crash, I can’t help but think about the tragic death of one of my high school classmates, over 5 years ago. He died in a car accident after leaving a Christmas party. He was 18 years old and he was driving under the influence of alcohol. Yes, he was drunk and he was only 18 years old.
For decades the US has been an example for the entire world with their laws not allowing people under 21 to drink, and by offering free driver’s education courses in high schools. While the first rule still applies, the driver’s education system seems to be broken.
Many factors affect car crash statistics, but the decisive element in most car accidents is the human behind the wheel. Until we are properly taught how to drive and how to behave while driving, car accidents will still happen daily.
What is the problem? Why driver’s education in the US is broken?
Over 30 years ago almost everyone in the States took driver’s education courses while in high school or in summer school. The courses were free and highly recommended. Nowadays, the number of schools that offer driver’s education courses are declining daily. And the ones which do offer the course, charge a minimum of $350 to enroll.
Why is the government allowing this to happen?
The driver’s education courses should not only be highly recommended, but should be required in order to graduate high school. You might think this might be a bit too much, but I personally think that it is for the best of us all. Think about it. Who are the most enthusiastic people on earth about driving? Teenagers right? They can’t wait to get the driver’s license and the car keys. It is a dream come true for them, and at the same time, it is the worst nightmare for their parents. According to some shocking teen driving statistics, car crashes are the number one cause of teen deaths in the U.S. So, how do we solve this problem?
Here are a few statistics to consider:
- Drivers between the ages of 16 and 19 are 4 times more likely to die in a crash than drivers between the ages of 25 and 69.
- Teens have the highest chance of having a fatal crash within the first six months of getting their driver’s license.
- Teen drivers were involved in 12% of all fatal crashes reported to the police.
- Males are twice as likely as females to be killed in a crash while they’re teenagers.
- 37% of male drivers between the ages of 15 and 20 were speeding at the time of a fatal crash.
- 55% of teens killed in car crashes weren’t using their seat belts.
- 31% of teensdrivers were drinking alcohol at the time of their death.
- Teen drivers were involved in63% of teen passenger deaths and 19% of passenger deaths of all ages in fatal accidents.
As you can see, most teens who died or were involved in car crashes were speeding, drunk or didn’t use their seat belts and were accompanied by other teen passengers. Should we expect them to be responsible? Probably not. We were all teens once, and we ourselves know how important driving was for our self-esteem. Now we laugh at ourselves for being that irresponsible, but we know that teens’ lack of responsibility is putting in risk their lives and the lives of others on the road.
Of course there are ways to prevent or at least decrease the number of car crashes. For example, parents or relatives can teach teens about driving. I am sure this could help to reduce the number of car accidents, but no matter how good the parents are as drivers, they are not trained teachers. Besides, most of them didn’t even enroll in a driver’s education course themselves. So, how can we expect great teaching from them?
The enrollment fee of at least $350 is also another bad factor here. Many families cannot afford to pay the fee and that is lowering the number of people enrolled in those high schools that offer driver’s education courses. Yet, should driver’s education courses be free?
Moreover, what sounds even chilling is the fact that as many as 15 states in the US don’t even require students who have completed the driver’s education to pass the road test. So, if you have successfully completed the driver’s education course, you can obtain a full unrestricted license without even passing a test. Just when you thought the situation couldn’t get any worse, right? Moreover, the number of states that are applying this new law is increasing.
How can the U.S. fix it?
- By Offering Free Driver’s Education Courses
It is true that this kind of course is expensive as schools have to pay for fuel, vehicles, insurance and wages. Years ago these courses were free, but the decrease on school funding in the recent years is ‘forcing’ schools to stop offering regular free driver education courses. Maybe schools can seek and apply for other type of funding or reduce their expenses in other areas in order to offer the driver’s education because obviously charging students is definitely not working.
- By Making Driver’s Education Mandatory
The US should make the driver education mandatory for all drivers under 19 who are seeking a driver’s license. The driver’s education course may save lives and can help prevent the death of many people. According to Reuters, in the Midwest where driver’s education is not required, only 3 out of 10 teen drivers took the course, while in Midwestern states where a driver’s education is mandatory, more than 9 out of 10 teens went through formal training.
- By Raising the Wages of Driver’s Education Teachers
A lot of driver’s education instructors are giving up their profession and less people are interested in getting certified to teach new drivers. Why? Because getting certified to teach is a pretty big commitment and this kind of profession is very dangerous as well. Those who are already certified to teach are complaining about low wages and this does not stimulates new instructors to enter the field. Having these factors in mind, the very first and right thing to do is to raise the wage of the instructors. By doing this, I am sure more people will be interested in getting into this profession.
- By Requiring All Adults to be Re-Certified
Every 5-7 years each driver has to take a comprehensive written test of the rules of the road in order to renew their driver’s license. If they don’t pass, then they should go back to driver’s education class. A lot of things change with time and some things can be forgotten. Modern cars for example improve rapidly over the years compared to older cars, but the capabilities and the perception of humans does not improve; in fact it does not improve at all, so it is always good to be up to date and refresh your knowledge accordingly.
My mom, for example, for a long time now has been following this rule “Drive at slow speed, all the time and you will be always safe.” Of course this would work if back in the 90s, when there were no highways in Eastern Europe, but thankfully things have changed. The infrastructure has changed and we have modern highways now, and I keep telling her that if she is driving on a highway with 60 km/h, when everyone else is driving with 120 km/h, she is the most dangerous driver out there. By trying to be extra extra careful, she is actually risking her life and other’s life as well. That’s why re-education would certainly help.
- By Adopting European Rules
Not all European countries are rigorous about driver education. In fact, there are European countries that have never applied the driver’s education in schools. But let’s not focus on those countries and take Germany as a good example.
Germany is well known for its strict driver’s education. A German driver’s license costs over $2000 and in order to successfully get the license, you must complete 12 hours of theory and a minimum of 25-45 hours of professional instruction. The license test also includes questions about the mechanical aspects of an automobile unlike the license test in the U.S.
On-the-road training time also includes night driving, autobahn experience, in-town driving, and a multitude of other driving situations. For more information, you can check this article where you can read more about German driving rules.
Most European countries have a 0.05 blood alcohol limit for drunk driving. This rule also applies in Germany and violators are harshly punished by losing their license and paying high fines. You can also read this comprehensive study about driver education systems in some European countries.
- By Making Public Consultations Every Year
Public consultations that deal with driver’s training and traffic safety education can help define guidelines and recommendations for efficient driver training and traffic safety education in the U.S. Young and inexperienced drivers in the US represent a relatively large crash risk compared to other driving groups so the consultations should mostly be addressed to them and help them keep learning new things even after they pass the test.
- By Making Driver’s Education the Responsibility of Insurance Companies
An alternative solution would be to move driver’s education out of schools and make it the responsibility of the insurance companies. It should be an in-depth training program like they do in Europe. Schools will no longer have to worry about it, and the insurance companies will benefit in the long run with fewer and less costly claims.
Hopefully things will get better in the future because right now it seems like things are getting worst day by day. But hey, at least technology is onour side. Tests of Google’s autonomous vehicles in California and Nevada suggest they already outperform human drivers.
So, maybe we might not have to worry about car crashes in the future, but for now, if you or someone you know has been in a car crash and you are wondering how to get comfortable on the road again, you can read our last article here.
If you are a new driver and want to learn more about driving, this Driver’s Ed Guru website might come in handy: http://www.driversedguru.com/. Also, please let us know in the comments what you think about driver’s education decline and feel free to add any other ways that you think might improve driver’s education system in the U.S. Thank you.